你好,陕西成人高考网欢迎你!
成人高考网 | 招生简章 | 招生办刘老师:18629325415
您现在的位置: 网站首页 > 学位英语> 辅导中心> 阅读理解

陕西成人学位英语阅读理解强化训练三

时间:2014年02月22日 来自:来源: 陕西成人高考网 资讯更全面,成考更专业 访问点击量:1741次

(A)

   NOT all memories are sweet. Some people spend all their lives trying to forget bad experiences. Violence and traffic accidents can leave people terrible physical and emotional scars. Often they relive these experiences in nightmares.

   Now American researchers think they are close to developing a pill, which will help people forget bad memories. The pill is designed to be taken immediately after a frightening experience. They hope it might reduce , or possibly erase (抹去), the effect of painful memories.

   In November, experts tested a drug on people in the US and France. The drug stops the body releasing chemicals that fix memories in the brain. So far the research has suggested that only the emotional effects of memories may be reduced, not that the memories are erased.

   The research has caused a great deal of argument. Some think it is a bad idea, while others support it

   Supporters say it could lead to pills that prevent or treat soldiers’ troubling memories after war. They say that there many people who suffer from terrible memories.

   “Some memories can ruin people’s lives. They come back to you when you don’t want to have them in a daydream or nightmare. They usually come with very painful emotions.”said Roger Pitman, a professor of psychiatry at Harvard Medical School. “This could relive a lot of that suffering.”

   But those who are against the research say that changing memories is very dangerous because memories give us our identity(特质). They also help us all avoid the mistakes of the past.

   “All of us can think of bad events in our lives that were horrible at the time but make us who we are . I’m not sure we want to wipe those memories out,” said Rebecca Dresser, a medical ethicist.

  51. The passage is mainly about _________________.

A. a new medical invention           B. a new research on the pill

C. a way of erasing painful memories   D. an argument about the research on the pill

  52. The drug tested on the people can ________________.

A.    cause the brain to fix memories         

B.    stop people remembering bad experiences

C.    prevent body producing certain chemicals

D.    wipe out the emotional effects of memories

  53. We can infer from the passage that ________________.

A.    people doubt the effects of the pills

B.    the pill will stop people’s bad experiences

C.    taking the pill will do harm to people’s health

D.    the pill has probably been produced in America

  54. Which of the following does Rebecca Dresser agree with ?

A.    Some memories can ruin people’s lives.

B.    People want to get rid of bad memories.

C.    Experiencing bad events makes us different from others.

D.    The pill will reduce people’s suffering from bad memories.

 

(B)

                         T-shirts out ; uniforms in

   School uniforms are becoming more and more popular across the USA. That’s no surprise , because they offer many benefits. They immediately end the powerful social sorting and labeling(标记) that come from clothing. If all students are dressed in the same way, they will not pay too much attention to their clothing, and some of them will not be laughed at for wearing the “wrong” clothes.

   Some people are against the strict rule of school uniforms, but they do not realize that students already accept a kind of rule ----- wanting to look just like their friends. The difference is that the clothing students choose for themselves creates social barriers; school uniforms tear those barriers down.

   As in other places , uniforms remind the wearers of their purpose and duties. For example, when a man or woman puts on a police uniform, he or she becomes, for a time, the symbol(象征) of law and order. The uniform means to the wearer his or her special duties and sends the same message to everyone the wearers meets. People with different jobs wear uniforms of one kind or another. For students, the school uniform reminds them that their task for the six or seven hours they are in school is to get an education.

   Some parents are unhappy about uniforms, saying that school uniforms will affect their children’s “creativity”. First, as noted above , the clothes students choose to wear do not necessarily express their individuality(个性). They just copy their classmates . Second, students have the rest of the day to be as creative as they like. While they’re in school, their job is to master reading, writing, and math; this should take up all the creativity they have. Mastery of those skills will be good for the students to build up their creativity in every way.

  55. In Paragraph 1, the word “benefits” probably means ____________ .

     A. tasks       B. messages        C. differences         D. advantages

  56. From the passage we learn that uniforms in general _____________ .

A.    prevent the wearers from being laughed at

B.    help the wearers keep their duties in mind

C.    are seen as a symbol of power.

D.    help to create social barriers

  57. Some people are against school uniforms because _______________ .

A.    they fail to realize that students have accepted the uniforms.

B.    they believe that uniforms will make students less creative

C.    they don’t agree that uniforms can remove social barriers

D.    they think that school uniforms are too popular

  58. The author would probably agree that __________________________ .

A.    it makes no difference whether to wear school uniforms or not

B.    students’ individuality may not come from school education

C.    students’ creativity is related to the clothes they choose

D.    school uniforms help to create equality among students

 资料来源:31省市学位英语网 www.31xuewei.com

(C)

   We have two daughters : Kristen is seven years old and Kelly is four. Last Sunday evening, we invited some people home for dinner. I dressed them nicely for the party, and told them that their job was to join Mommy in answering the door when the bell rang. Mommy would introduce them to the guests, and then they would take the guests’ coats upstairs and put them on the bed in the second bedroom.

   The guests arrived. I introduced my two daughters to each of them. The guests were nice and kind and said how lucky we were to have such good kids.

   Each of the guests made a particular fuss over Kelly, the younger one, admiring her dress, her hair and her smile. They said she was a remarkable girl to be carrying coats upstairs at her age.

   I thought to myself that we adults usually make a big “to do” over the younger one because she’s the one who seems more easily hurt. We do it with the best of intentions.

   But we seldom think of how it might affect the other child. I was a little worried that Kristen would feel she was being outshined. I was about to serve dinner when I realized that she had been missing for twenty minutes. I ran upstairs and found her in the bedroom , crying.

   I said , “ What are you doing, my dear ?”

   She turned to me with a sad expression and said , “Mommy, why don’t people like me the way they like my sister ? Is it because I’ not pretty ? Is that they don’t say nice things about me as much ? ”

   I tried to explain to her, kissing and hugging her to make her feel better.

   Now, whenever I visit a friend’s home, I make it a point to speak to the elder child first.

  59. The underlined expression ‘make a big “ to do” over’ (Paragraph 4) means ________.

A. show much concern about            B. have a special effect on

C. list jobs to be done for               D. do good things for

  60. The guests praised Kelly for carrying coats upstairs because of her ________ .

A. beautiful hair   B. pretty clothes    C. lovely smile    D. young age

  61. Kristen felt sad and cried because _______________.

A.    the guests gave her more coats to carry

B.    she didn’t look as pretty as Kelly

C.    the guests praised her sister more than her

D.    her mother didn’t introduce her to the guests

  62. We can conclude from the passage that __________________ .

A.    parents should pay more attention to the elder children

B.    the younger children are usually more easily hurt

C.    people usually like the younger children more

D.    adults should treat children equally

 

(D)

   When several different people look at the same person, it is not unusual for each of them to see different things; when you alone observe one behavior or one person at two different times, you may see different things. The following are about some of the factors that lead to these different senses.

(1)Each person’s senses of others are formed by his or her own cultural condition, education, and personal experiences.

  (2)Sometimes senses differ because of what we choose to observe and how we deal with what we’ve observed. It is not necessarily true that person sense is based on observations of a particular person. Your observations may be totally controlled by what others have told you about this person; or you may center mainly on the situation or role relationship. Most people do not use the same standard to measure their parents, their friends, and strangers.

  (3) Sometimes we see only what we want to see or don’t see what may be obvious to others because of our own needs, desires, or temporary emotional states. This is a process known as selective sense. Selective sense is obviously more difficult when contradictory(矛盾的) information is particularly obvious, but it can be done. We can ignore the stimulus “He’s basically a good boy so what I saw was not shoplifting.” We can reduce the importance of the contradictory information--- “ All kids get into naughty behavior. Taking a book from bookstore isn’t such a big deal.” We can change the meaning of the contradictory information---- “It wasn’t shoplifting because he was going to pay for it later.”

  63. The first factor given by the author that affects our sense is __________ .

A.    the abilities of one’s hearing and seeing sensors

B.    cultural background and personal experiences

C.    experiences one learns from others

D.    critical measures taken by other people

  64. While observing a particular person, ____________ .

A.    one is likely to talk all aspects into consideration

B.    one pays more attention to his / her advantages

C.    children often differ from grown-ups in sense

D.    one tends to choose certain cues (提示) to look for

  65. Observation of the same person by two people at the same time may differ because ______ .

A.    their measuring standards are not the same

B.    either of them may be slow to catch information

C.    the time for observation is not long enough

D.    each of them uses different language to express his / her impressions

  66. The underlined word “stimulus” in Paragraph 4 refers to ______________ .

A. something attractive              B. selective sense

C. contradictory information          D. shoplifting


                      ( E)

Garden building is considered an important part of Chinese culture. Some people say that if you have never walked through a Chinese garden, you cannot say that you have really visited China.

Traditional Chinese gardens are located in north China in such places as Beihai Park, the Summer Palace, theForbidden City. In larger imperial gardens, the main buildings are connected by an imaginary line in the middle of the garden on the north-south axis(). Other features of imperial gardens are colored-paintings, man-made hills and lakes.

Most private gardens are found in the south, especially in cities south of the Yangtze River. Private gardens were mostly built at one side or at the back of the houses. Around the beautiful scene are small open areas with beautiful shaped-doors through which visitors can enjoy the sights. They are open on all sides and are often near the water so that the whole scene can be enjoyed. Suzhou, known as the home of gardens, displays the most and the best Chinese traditional private gardens. Different parts of it are examples of the garden style of the song, Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties.

The landscape garden contains a number of pleasant natural scenes and some fairy tales. The ancient Chinese used to call the garden landscape “Jing” , which means “scene” in English. Good examples include the ten West Lake Scenes in Hangzhou, the twenty-four slim West Lake in Yangzhou and the eight Daming Lake Scenes inJinan.

67The passage tells mainly about ________.

A.    an important part of Chinese culture 

B.    the characteristics of different style of Chinese garden building

C.    where foreigners can find Chinese gardens

D.    how to appreciate Chinese gardens

68. Which of the following is NOT a feature of the imperial garden?

A.    There is a north-south axis in the center of garden

B.    There are man-made hills and lakes in the gardens.

C.    They were built because of some fairy tales.

D.    They have colored-paintings.

69. In the third paragraph, the word “They” refer to ______.

     A. private gardens              B. beautiful scenes

     C. the houses                  D. rivers and lakes

70. _____ is regarded as the home of gardens.

     A. Hangzhou         B. Suzhou          C. Yangzhou       D. Jinan

 资料来源:31省市学位英语网 www.31xuewei.com

                           (F)

SYDNEY: As they sat sharing sweets beside a swimming pool in 1999, Shane Gould and Jessicah Schipper were simply getting along well, chatting about sport, life and “anything else that came up.”

Yet in Sydney next month, they will meet again by the pool, and for a short time the friends will race against each other in the 50-meter butterfly in the Australian championships at Homebush Bay.

Gould, now a 47-year-old mother of four, has announced she will be making a return to elite competition to swim the one event, having set a qualifying time of 30.32 seconds in winning gold at last year’s United StatesMasters championships. Her comeback comes 32 years after she won three golds at the Munich Olympics.

Schipper, now a 17-year-old from Brisbane with a bright future of going to Athens for her first Olympics. Yesterday recalled her time with Gould five years ago.

“I was at a national youth camp on the Gold Coast and Shane had come along to talk to us and watch us train,” Schipper explained, “It seemed as if we had long been good friends. I don’t know why. We just started talking and it went from there.”

“She had a lot to share with all of us at that camp. She told us stories about what it was like at big meets like the Olympics and what it’s like to be on an Australian team. It was really interesting.”

Next time, things will be more serious. “I will still be swimming in the 50m butterfly at the nationals, so there is a chance that I could actually be competing against Shane Gould,” said Schipper, who burst onto the scene at last year’s national championships with second places in the 100m and 200m butterfly.

71. What is the passage mainly about?

A.    Stories happening in swimming competitions.

B.    Two women swimmers winning Olympic golds.

C.    Lessons learned from international swimming championships.

D.    Friendship and competitions between two swimmers.

72. Gould and Schipper are going to _______.

A.    talk about sport and life

B.    go back to elite competition

C.    set a qualifying time and win gold

D.    take part in the same sports event

73. Gould won her three Olympic golds when she was _______.

    A. 15        B. 17          C. 22           D. 30

74. The underlined word “it” in the fifth paragraph probably refers to ______.

    A. the Olympics              B. the youth camp

    C. the friendship              D. the Australian team

75. What Schipper said showed that she ________.

A.    was no longer Gould’s friend

B.    had learned a lot from Gould

C.    was not interested in Gould’s stories

D.    would not like to compete against Gould


参考答案(51-55) DCACD  (56-60) BBDAD (61-65) CDBDA   (66-70) CBCAB (71-75) DDACB

 

  • 高中起点
  • 专科起点
  • 在线考场
  • 考试问答

成考新生必读

更多»

网站公告

更多»

热点资讯

更多»

实用信息

更多»

全国客服热线:029-88665091 18629325415(刘老师) 增值电信业务经营许可证:陕B2-20090096 陕ICP备11006365号
版权所有©2002-2017 168网校(168wangxiao.com) All Rights Reserved