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陕西成人学位英语阅读理解强化训练一

时间:2014年02月22日 来自:来源: 陕西成人高考网 资讯更全面,成考更专业 访问点击量:1979次

阅读下面短文,从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中选出最佳选项。

A

       Among various programmes , TV talk shows have covered every inch of space on daytime television .And anyone who watches them regularly knows that each one is different in style .But no two shows are more opposite in content ,while at the same time standing out above the rest ,than the Jerry Springer and the Oprah Winfrey shows.

       Jerry Springer could easily be considered the king of “rubbish talk” .The contents on his show are as surprising as can be .For example ,the show takes the ever-common talk show titles of love ,sex ,cheating ,and hate ,to different level. Clearly ,the Jerry Springer show is about the dark side of society ,yet people are willing to eat up the troubles of other people’s lives.

       Like Jerry Springer ,Oprah Winfrey takes TV talk show to its top ,but Oprah goes in the opposite direction .The show is mainly about the improvement of society and different quality of life .Contents are from teaching your children lessons ,managing your work week , to getting to know your neighbors.

       Compared to Oprah ,the Jerry Springer show looks like poisonous waste being poured into society. Jerry ends every show with “a final word”. He makes a small speech about the entire idea of the show .Hopefully ,this is the part where most people will learn something very valuable.

       Clean as it is , the Oprah show is not for everyone .The show’s main viewers are middle-class Americans. Most of these people have the time ,money and ability to deal with life’s tougher problems .Jerry Springer  ,on the other hand ,has more of a connection with the young adults of society .These are 18-to-21-year-olds whose main troubles in life include love, relationship ,sex ,money and drug . They are the ones who see some value and lessons to be learned through the shows exploitation.

56Compared with other TV talk shows ,both the Jerry Springer and the Oprah Winfrey are      .

       Amore interesting                                                             Bunusually popular

       Cmore detailed                                 Dmore formal

57Though the social problems Jerry Springer talks about appear unpleasant ,people who watch the

      shows     .

       Aremain interested in them             Bare ready to face up to them

       Cremain cold to them                        Dare willing to get away from them

58Which of the following is likely to be a topic of the Oprah Winfrey show?

       AA new type of robot.                       BNation hatred.

       CFamily income planning.                DStreet accident.

59We can learn from the passage that the two shows     .

       Ahave become the only ones of its kind

       Bmake use of the weaknesses in human nature

       Cappear at different times of the day

       Dattract different people

 

B

       LONDON(Reuters)—Organic fruit, delivered right to the doorstep . That is what Gabriel Gold prefers ,and he is willing to pay for it .If this is not possible ,the 26-year-old computer technician will spend the extra money at the supermarket to buy organic food.

       “Organic produce is always better,” Mr. Gold said. “The food is free of pesticides (杀虫剂) ,and you are generally supporting family farms instead of large farms. And more often than not it is locally grown and seasonal ,so it is more tasty.” Mr. Gold is one of a growing number of shoppers buying into the organic trend , and supermarkets across Britain are counting on more like him as they grow their organic food business .But how many shoppers really know what they are getting ,and why are they willing to pay a higher price for organic produce? Market research shows that Mr. Gold and others who purchase organic food can generally give clear reasons for their preferences –but their knowledge of organic food is far from complete .For example ,small amounts of pesticides can be used on organic produce .And about three quarters of organic food in Britain is not local but imported to meet the growing demand . “The demand for organic food is increasing by about one third every year ,so it is a very fast –growing market.” said Sue Flock ,a specialist in this line of business.

60More and more people in Britain are buying organic food because     .

       Athey are getting richer

       Bthey can get the food anywhere

       Cthey consider the food free of pollution

       Dthey like home-grown fruit

61Which statement is TRUE according to the passage?

       AThose who buy organic food have a complete knowledge of organic food.

       BSome of the organic food is produced outside Britain.

       COrganic produce is not seasonal and tastes more tasty.

       DOrganic products are those which are free of pesticides.

62The underlined words “organic trend” means      .

       Ahigher prices of organic food         Bbetter quality of organic food

       Crising market for organic food       Dgrowing interest in organic food

63The news story is mainly about     .

       Athat more and more people prefer organic food in Britain

       Bthe production of organic food in Britain

       Cthe complete knowledge of organic food in Britain

       Dgood qualities of organic food in Britain

 

C

       Water problems in the future will become more serious .Our increasing population will greatly increase city wastes ,mainly polluted water .On the other hand ,increasing demands for water will reduce the amount of water available for diluting(冲淡)wastes .Rapidly developing industries will produce larger quantities of liquid wastes ,and many of these will contain chemicals which are noxious .To feed our rapidly increasing population , agriculture will have to develop greatly .This will produce ever increasing quantities of agricultural chemicals .From this , it is obvious that more steps must be taken immediately to develop measures for the pollution problem.

       There are two ways in which this pollution problem can be reduced .The first relates to the treatment of wastes to reduce their pollution level. This is connected with the processing(加工)of treatment of the solid and liquid wastes ,to permit the reuse of the waste or reduce pollution upon final treatment .

       The second way is to develop an economic use for all or a part of the wastes .Farm manure(肥料)is spread in fields .Liquid wastes from plants that treat polluted water are used in some areas for irrigation.

       Liquid wastes from other processing plants may also be used as an extra source of water .Many industries ,such as meat and poultry(家禽)processing plants ,are currently changing former waste products into marketable byproducts .Other industries are exploring possible economic uses for their waste products.

64The purpose of the passage is to      .

       Atell the readers about water pollution problems

       Bwarn the readers of the reducing water supply

       Cexplain various uses of water

       Ddiscuss different measures to solve the pollution problem

65The underlined word “noxious” probably means     .

       Adangerous                                        Buseless            

       Charmful                                           Ddisadvantageous

 

66It can be concluded that      .

       Amany companies of the world will work together on pollution problems

       Bsome industries are now making economic use of liquid wastes

       Cbyproducts from wastes may lead to a more successful marketplace

       Dscience is making great progress in increasing water supplies

67The author writes the passage based on       .

       Ainterviews with officials in the field of water controls

       Bexplanations which make important expressions easier

       Cinstructions and personal observations

       Darguments and suggestions

 资料来源:31省市学位英语网 www.31xuewei.com

D

       To what degree can a computer achieve intelligence? The answer to this question may lie in a newly-developed US computer program called Smarter Child and the Internet.

      If you ran into Smarter Child online , you would be surprised at this kid’s huge memory. It can recite many facts . For example, Smarter Child knows every baseball players in every team this season .He knows every word in the dictionary and the weather in every major city areas across the US. However ,if you ask Smarter Child other questions ,you get strange answers .A question about Smarter Child’s age returns . “One year , 11days ,16 hours , 7minutes , and 47 seconds!” Asking where he lives gets , “In a clean room in a high-tech building in California.”

       Smarter Child uses the vast information on the World Wide Web as his memory bank. To answer questions about spelling , for instance ,Smarter Child goes to American Heritage Dictionary online. For the weather ,he visits www. intellicast. com.

       Some scientists believe that by joining the many systems of the Internet , an artificial being with the combined knowledge of ,say ,Albert Einstein,Richard Nixon and Britney Spears could be born .However ,if Smarter Child wants to think and learn on his own like the boy-computer David in the movie A. I. Artificial Intelligence ,he must overcome two problems.

       The first is that computers find it difficult to read web pages because the files are labeled in different ways .That’s why programmers need to tell Smarter Child where to look for the weather .It would be a much more difficult task to let him find it himself.

       Another problem is that while Smarter Child can process information more exactly and faster than any human ,he lacks common sense—a basic grounding of knowledge that is obvious to any young child.

68From the text we can infer that www. intellicast . com is a website        .

       Awhich is specially designed to help Smarter Child

       Bwhere we people can find Smarter Child

       Cwhere weather forecasts are made

       Dwhich is about artificial intelligence

69It is probably most difficult for Smarter Child to        .

       Atell us how to spell a difficult word

       Btell us how the American government is run

       Cprovide us with a famous poem by Shakespeare

       Dlearn the ability to tell right behaviors from wrong ones

70Which of the following is TRUE according to the text?

       AA. I. Artificial Intelligence is probably the name of a film about a boy-computer.

       BSmarter Child has his own memory bank big enough for all kinds of information.

       CSmarter Child can recognize different files and find information needed on his own.

       DWe have a similar product now which has the knowledge of Einstein . Nixon and Spears.

71Which of the following is the best title for the passage?

       AA New Web Child                           BSmarter Child

       CThe Future of Internet                    DIntelligence Development


E

       How to beat a bad mood

       Having one of those days—or weeks –when everything seems to annoy you ?Even if you do nothing about it ,your bad mood will probably go away after some time. But with a little effort , you can forget it much faster-often within a day or two.

       Walk it off

       Exercise is the most popular bad-mood buster .A person who’s in a bad mood had low energy and high tension. Taking a fast ten-minute walk , or doing some quick exercises can do wonders towards changing that bad mood.

       Tune it out

       Listening to your favorite music for a while can also make tensions go away quickly ,because music starts associations with past positive experiences we’ve had.

       Give yourself a pep talk

       Stop and listen to what’s on your mind . Bad moods are often started by too many negative thoughts .Write them all down on paper ; the pessimistic(悲观的)messages you’ve been giving yourself and then give optimistic answers. For example . “I still don’t have a job” Vs “I have two interviews next week.”

       Reduce your stress

       Relaxation techniques are wonderful mood-lifters .These include deep breathing , stretching and visualizing(想像),all of which sound complicated but aren’t . One easy way to visualize: close your eyes and picture a favorite place ,such as the beach . Another simple way to distress is to make a to—do list .One reason for being in a bad mood is feeling you have no options(选择权).By taking control over certain areas ,you realize you’re not helpless . You can make changes in your mood and life.

       Avoid things that won’t improve your mood

       TV may not help much :you need to increase your energy level and stimulate your mind—something that the TV show “Neighbors” won’t do .And before you reach for that piece of cake and coffee ,think about how mood and food are linked .Sugar and caffeine contribute to depressed moods . The better choice ?Research shows that carbohydrates ,such as potatoes and pasta , produce a calming effects in people who have a desire for them.

72It might help rid us of a bad mood to        .

       Ado nothing about it

       Btake a long walk on the beach

       Cdo some exercise with light music

       Dtalk it to neighbors

73Why is it suggested that you close your eyes and picture the beach?

       AIt helps beat a bad mood.

       BIt is not complicated to do so.

       CIt is an area to be easily controlled.

       DIt brings us a new technique.

74TV may not improve your mood because       .

       Ait sometimes shows what happens around you

       Bit keeps you stay unmoved

       Cit reminds you of eating and drinking

       Dit produces a calming effect

75This passage most probably appears in        .

       Aa book on physical exercise           Ba doctor’s handbook

       Ca notice                                            Da magazine


参考答案56—60BACDC  61—65BDAAC  66—70BDCDA  71—75BCABD

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