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2014年成人高考英语预测试题(五)

时间:2014年02月27日 来自:来源: 陕西成人高考网 资讯更全面,成考更专业 访问点击量:2252次

语音知识

  第1题

  A.modern

  B.surprise

  C.traveler

  D.German

  【正确答案】:D

  第2题

  A.else

  B.rise

  C.lose

  D.rose

  【正确答案】:A

  第3题

  A. light

  B. supply

  C. laundry

  D. satisfy

  【正确答案】:C

  第4题

  A. understood

  B. took

  C. pollute

  D. rude

  【正确答案】:B

  第5题

  A.receipt

  B.implication

  C.empty

  D.concept

  【正确答案】:A

词汇与语法知识

  第6题 It was not until he arrived at the station __ he realized he had forgotten his ticket.

  A.there

  B.then

  C.that

  D.where

  【正确答案】:C

  试题解析:本句是强调句型。

  第7题 If we __ sooner, we might have got there.

  A.started

  B.had started

  C.would have started

  D.start

  【正确答案】:B

  试题解析:这是一个表示与过去事实相反的假设。这种虚拟形式一般是:从句谓语是过去完成时(had done),主句谓语是would(should,could,might)+have done。

  第8题 It is ten years __ Miss Green returned to Canada.

  A.that

  B.when

  C.since

  D.as

  【正确答案】:C

  试题解析:此题考查连词的用法。这是一个固定句型:It is/was+时间+since,其中is可以是has been,was可以是had been。

  第9题 For the sake of your health, you should give up smoking __.

  A.for sure

  B.for all

  C.for good

  D.for long

  【正确答案】:C

  试题解析:for sure意为“的确”;for all意为“虽然”;for long=for a long time;for good=forever。因此选C。

  第10题 Water always __steam when boiled.

  A.gives out

  B.gives up

  C.gives off

  D.gives in

  【正确答案】:C

  试题解析:give out意为“分发”;give up意为“放弃”;give off意为“发出;放出”;give in 意为“屈服”。

  第11题 Will it rain tomorrow? I hope __.

  A.no

  B.yes

  C.not

  D.will

  【正确答案】:C

  试题解析:本句是省略句。

  第12题 It is __ for me to carry.

  A.a too heavy bag

  B.too a heavy bag

  C.too heavy a bag

  D.too heavy bag

  【正确答案】:C

  试题解析:本句中含有结构too...to...

  第13题 It was recommended that they __ for the doctor.

  A.has waited

  B. waited

  C. should wait

  D. should have waited

  【正确答案】:C

  试题解析:在“It is+表示提议、要求、命令等含义的动词过去分词+that分句”这一结构中,从句谓语动词用“动词原形”或“should+动词原形”表示虚拟语气。

  第14题 In no way __ from practice.

  A.theory can be separated

  B.theory is separated

  C.can theory be separated

  D.has theory been separated

  【正确答案】:C

  试题解析:in no way是表示否定意义的状语,当它放在句首时句子倒装。

 第15题 I think he studies very hard, __?

  A.does he

  B.doesn't he

  C.don't I

  D.do I

  【正确答案】:B

  试题解析:对含有宾语从句的句子进行反义疑问时,如主语是第一人称I,we,则反义疑问句的动词应随宾语从句的动词形式。

  第16题 He has just taken an examination __ chemistry.

  A.for

  B.about

  C.on

  D.in

  【正确答案】:D

  试题解析:表示在某个方面用介词in。

  第17题 My parents always buy __ my birthday.

  A.anything nice to

  B.anything nice for

  C.something nice to

  D.something nice for

  【正确答案】:D

  试题解析:肯定句用something,for表示“为了”。

  第18题 It's no use __ over spilt milk.

  A.cry

  B.to be crying

  C.crying

  D.cried

  【正确答案】:C

  试题解析:be no use后接动词的动名词形式,是固定用法。

  第19题 Anyone can get into the club, __ he is a member there.

  A.even if

  B.unless

  C.as that

  D.so long as

  【正确答案】:D

  试题解析:even if意为“即使”:unless意为“除非”;so long as意为“只要”。根据题意,选D。

  第20题 Two __ died of cold in that country last winter.

  A.hundreds old people

  B.hundreds of old people

  C.hundred old people

  D.hundred old peoples

  【正确答案】:C

  试题解析:基数词修饰hundred,thousand,million,billion,dozen,score等词时,这些词一般用单数形式。这些词前面有具体数词时不能用复数,其后也不加of短语。当不表示具体数字时是可以加s的。如hundreds of books.

完型填空

  根据以下资料,回答21~35题。



第21题 请在第_____处填上正确答案。

  A.have

  B.made

  C.had

  D.crashed

  【正确答案】:C

  试题解析:现在完成时,have had。强调结果,表示出了车祸就需要用手机与人联系。

  第22题 请在第_____处填上正确答案。

  A.must

  B.can

  C.need

  D.have to

  【正确答案】:B

  试题解析:可以说,手机在关键时刻能救人生命。这是说手机的好处。must意为“必须”;can意为“能够”,need意为“需要,必须”;have to意为“不得不”。

  第23题 请在第_____处填上正确答案。

  A.annoyed

  B.interested

  C.interesting

  D.annoying

  【正确答案】:C

  试题解析:手机还有一个好处是有很多有意思的功能,比如照相。annoyed意为“烦闷的”;interested意为“感兴趣的”。这两个词的主语通常是人,有被动的意思。interesting意为“有意思的”;annoying意为“令人烦闷的”。这两个词的主语通常是事件。

  第24题 请在第_____处填上正确答案。

  A.worse

  B.good

  C.worst

  D.important

  【正确答案】:C

  试题解析:前面讲了手机的好处,这里开始讲手机的弊端。从最糟糕的讲起。worse是指两者问哪一个更糟。此文提到的手机的坏处不止两个。再者,若是比较级,则下文中应出现than。

  第25题 请在第_____处填上正确答案。

  A.paid

  B.acquired

  C.obtained

  D.got

  【正确答案】:D

  试题解析:这是since的句型。前面是现在完成时,后面是一般过去时。自从买了手机,他的日子就没安静过。

  第26题 请在第_____处填上正确答案。

  A.Other

  B.One other

  C.The other

  D.Another

  【正确答案】:D

  试题解析:another表示除了已有的,另外的一个。other表示同一集体内的其他的。手机还有一个弊端是让人丢弃好的习惯。

  第27题 请在第_____处填上正确答案。

  A.couldn't

  B.must

  C.can't

  D.have

  【正确答案】:A

  试题解析:此句讲的是过去的事情,所以,用过去时,这里应用过去时的“能够”,couldn’t。以前,人们联络不方便,却都能准时赴约。

  第28题 请在第_____处填上正确答案。

  A.at

  B.in

  C.on

  D.by

  【正确答案】:C

  试题解析:on time准时到达。

第29题 请在第_____处填上正确答案。

  A.be

  B.to be

  C.being

  D.stayed

  【正确答案】:C

  试题解析:介词后面必须跟名词性短语。所以,of后只能跟doing。being late也是一个常用短语。有了手机反倒不怕迟到了。

  第30题 请在第_____处填上正确答案。

  A.shortcoming

  B.convenience

  C.part

  D.mobile phone

  【正确答案】:A

  试题解析:shortcoming意为“缺点,不足”;convenience意为“方便”。此处讲手机的第三个不足之处。

  第31题 请在第_____处填上正确答案。

  A.very

  B.far

  C.lots

  D.many

  【正确答案】:B

  试题解析:very修饰名词是表示强调,不表示数量。Far表示数量大大超过。花费了更多的钱。

  第32题 请在第_____处填上正确答案。

  A.reason

  B.that

  C.when

  D.why

  【正确答案】:D

  试题解析:此处应用表示原因的连词,后面引导从句,作think的宾语。想想为什么要用手机是很重要的。

  第33题 请在第_____处填上正确答案。

  A.for satisfy

  B.to satisfy

  C.for to satisfy

  D.so satisfying

  【正确答案】:B

  试题解析:动词不定式作目的状语。to satisfy one’s need意为“满足需要”。

  第34题 请在第_____处填上正确答案。

  A.turn off

  B.turn on

  C.set off

  D.set on

  【正确答案】:A

  试题解析:从下文“不希望被打扰”推出应当是“关掉手机”。turn off意为“关掉”;turn on意为“打开”;set off意为“出发”;set on意为“着手做”。

  第35题 请在第_____处填上正确答案。

  A.anyone

  B.neither one

  C.everyone

  D.someone

  【正确答案】:D

  试题解析:someone某人。这两句话的意思是:我们是该用手机、笔记本电脑、照相机等来满足我们的需求,但我们还可以在不想被打扰时关机。如果知道怎样使用手机,就可以避免它的弊端。

阅读理解

  根据以下资料,回答36~39题。

  Key James, Secretary of Health and Human Resources in the Virginia State government, loves to turn the tables on those who don't think it's possible to be middle-class, conservative, educated and still be truly black.Once, during an abortion debate, a woman in the audience angrily told James she was so middle-class she didn't have a clue about real African American life."If you understood what these women go through," the woman said, "you would realize that abortion is their only choice."

  James then asked the woman to consider a poor black mother on welfare.She already has four children and an alcoholic husband who has all but abandoned the family.Now she discovers another child is on the way."How would you counsel that woman?" asked James.

  "Have an abortion," the woman responded."That child would have a very poor quality of life."

  "I have a vested interest in your answer," James said."The woman I described was my mother.I was the fifth of six children born into poverty.And, in case you're interested, the quality of my life is just fine!"

  第36题 "To mm the tables" means __.

  A.to move the tables

  B.to carry the tables away

  C.to gain courage

  D.to gain an advantage after having been at a disadvantage

  【正确答案】:D

  试题解析:从上下文进行推测可知。

  第37题 James' father __.

  A.divorced his wife

  B.liked to drink

  C.deserted his family

  D.B and C

  【正确答案】:D

  试题解析:文中“an alcoholic husband who has all but abandoned the family”就是对James的父亲的描绘。

  第38题 James' mother __.

  A.was educated

  B.was conservative

  C.was poor

  D.A and B

  【正确答案】:C

  试题解析:A、B项都是用来说明James本人的,而不是他母亲。

  第39题 James' family led a __ life when she was born.

  A.miserable

  B.happy

  C.well-off

  D.hardly

  【正确答案】:A

  试题解析:从“a poor black mother on welfare”可得出答案,应选A。

根据以下资料,回答40~43题。

  Years ago, a cigarette commercial asked if you were smoking more, but enjoying it less.That describes the way many of us live today.We are doing more, but enjoying it less.And when that doesn't work, we get the problem.In our extremely hurried search for satisfaction, we try stuffing still more into our days, never realizing that we are taking the wrong approach.

  The truth is simple; so simple it is hard to believe.Satisfaction lies with less, not with more.Yet, we pursue the myth that this thing, or that activity, will somehow provide the satisfaction we so desperately seek.

  Arthur Lindman, in his very effective book, "The Harried Leisure Class," described the uselessness of pursuing more.His research focused on what people did with their leisure time.He found that as income rose, people bought more things to occupy their leisure time.But, ironically, the more things they bought, the less they valued any one of them.Carried to an extreme, he predicted massive boredom in the midst of tremendous variety.That was more than twenty years ago, and his prediction seems more accurate every year.

  Lindman of course, is not the first to discover this.The writer of Ecclesiastes expressed the same thought thousands of years ago.It is better, he wrote, to have less, but enjoy it more.

  If you would like to enjoy life more, I challenge you to experiment with me.How could you simplify your life? What could you drop? What could you do without? What could you stop pursuing? What few things could you concentrate on?

  The more I learn, the more I realize that fullness of life does not depend on things.The more I give up, the more I seem to gain.But words will never convince you.You must try it for yourself.

  第40题 Lindman wrote his book __.

  A.ten years ago

  B.twenty years ago

  C.more than twenty years ago

  D.thousands of years ago

  【正确答案】:C

  试题解析:第三段最后。Arthur Lind man预言,巨大的无聊存在于极度的丰富之中。而这还是20多年前的预言,并且,他的预言越来越准确。选项D是第四段中另一本书的时间。

  第41题 We can make our life happier if we __.

  A.get rid of useless things

  B.buy more things

  C.sell things we do not need

  D.give up more

  【正确答案】:D

  试题解析:通篇都在讲我们做得越多、获得的越多,我们就越不满足。所以应当学会放弃。

  第42题 The best title for the passage is __.

  A.Simplify Your Life

  B.Enjoy Your Life

  C.Smoking Less

  D.Satisfaction

  【正确答案】:A

  试题解析:文章通过抽烟越多享受越少为引子点明主题:获得的越多,并不意味着就越满足。 又以两位作者的书为观点支持,说明要放弃一些东西,使我们的生活简单一些,才能获得真正的满足。

  第43题 Arthur Lindman wrote __.

  A.a popular novel

  B.a research paper

  C.Ecclesiastes

  D.The Harried Leisure Class

  【正确答案】:D

  试题解析:第三段。第一句就明确点明Arthur Lindman写了一本很有影响的书,其书名是The Harried Leisure Class。

根据以下资料,回答44~47题。

  Some people do not like anything to be out of place; they are never late for work; they return their books on time to the library; they remember people's birthdays; and they pay their bills as soon as they arrive.Mr.Hill is such a man.

  Mr.Hill works in a bank, and lives alone.The only family he has is in the next town: his sister lives there with her husband, and her son, Jack.Mr.Hill does not see his sister, or her family, from one year to the next, but he sends them Christmas cards, and he has not forgotten one of Jack's seventeen birthdays.

  Last week Mr.Hill had quite a surprise.He drove home from the bank at the usual time, driving neither too slowly nor too fast; he parked his car where he always parked it, out of the way of other cars, and he went inside to make his evening meal.Just then, there was a knock at the door.He opened the door, to find a policeman standing on the door-step.

  "What have I done wrong?" Mr.Hill asked himself."Have I driven on the wrong side of the road? Has there been some trouble at the bank? Have I forgotten to pay an important bill?"

  "Hello, Uncle," said the policeman, "My name is Jack."

  第44题 Mr.Hill __.

  A.works in a bank by himself

  B.lives in a bank and works by himself

  C.lives by himself and works in a bank

  D.lives in a bank by himself

  【正确答案】:C

  试题解析:第二段首句与C意思相同。

  第45题 Mr.Hill __.

  A.hardly sees his sister

  B.sees his sister only at Christmas time

  C.sees his sister on Jack's birthday

  D.always sees his sister

  【正确答案】:A

  试题解析:从not...from one year to the next句中可见A正确。

  第46题 Mr.Hill __.

  A.only remembers one of Jack's seventeenth birthdays

  B.always sends Jack something on his birthday

  C.has forgotten all of Jack's birthdays

  D.has forgotten Jack's seventeenth birthday

  【正确答案】:B

  试题解析:文中“he has not forgotten one ofJack’s seventeen birthdays”即是答案。Jack 17年的生日没有忘记一个。由此推断,Jack的每一个生日他都给他寄点什么。

  第47题 Last week Mr.Hill

  A.was pleasant

  B.was quite astonished

  C.was quite disappointed

  D.was unpleasant

  【正确答案】:B

  试题解析:句子“ Last week Mr.Hill had quite a surprise ”就是答案。

根据以下资料,回答48~51题。

  The first true piece of sports equipment that man invented was the ball.

  In ancient Egypt, as everywhere, pitching stones was a favorite children's game.But a badly thrown rock could hurt a child.Looking for something less dangerous to throw, the Egyptians made what were probably the first balls.

  At first, balls were made of grass or leaves held together by vines.Later they were made of piece of animal skin sewed together and stuffed with feathers or hay.

  Even though the Egyptians were warlike, they found time for peaceful games.Before long they had developed a number of ball games, each with its own set of rules.Perhaps they played ball more for instruction than for fun.Ball playing was thought of mainly as a way to teach young men the speed and skill they would need for war.

  第48题 The ball was probably invented because __.

  A.throwing stones often caused injuries

  B.throwing stones was not fun

  C.games with stones did not have rules

  D.rocks were too heavy to throw

  【正确答案】:A

  试题解析:参见第二段。

  第49题 This selection says that the Egyptians played __.

  A.many different games with balls

  B.many different kinds of games

  C.only one ball game

  D.different games with similar roles

  【正确答案】:A

  试题解析:参见第四段第二句。

  第50题 The Egyptians thought that ball playing was __.

  A.childish

  B.difficult

  C.not enjoyable

  D.worthwhile

  【正确答案】:D

  试题解析:参见第四段最后一句。

  第51题 The best title for this selection is __.

  A.The First Ball Games

  B.How Egyptian Children Played Games

  C.Egyptian Sports

  D.The Beginning of Sports

  【正确答案】:A

  试题解析:本文主题明确,讲的是最初的球类游戏。

  第52题 What is the writer's attitude toward Shot Spooters?

  A.Be indifferent to it.

  B.Be for it.

  C.Be against it.

  D.Be angry at it.

  【正确答案】:B

  试题解析:倒数第一段和第二段都可以表明作者是很赞成使用这种仪器的。

根据以下资料,回答53~56题。

  It used to take Redwood City, California police hours to locate gunfire.Now, they have a new tool that helps them find the gunfire quickly.This new tool is called the Shot Spotter, The police began using the Shot Spotter in 1995.They wanted to cut down on gunfire in their city.

  One Shot Spotter covers a square mile.Eight microphones are put on the roofs of buildings.These microphones pick up gunfire noise.It only takes seven seconds to report the gunfire to the police.Then a red dot on the police map shows where the action is.

  The Shot Spotter really works well.It locates the gunfire within 20 to 40 feet plus or minus.Redwood City police are very happy with the Shot Spotter.They think it might have helped catch the D.C.sniper.

  Shot Spotters cost a lot of money.One of them sells for $200,000.Despite the cost, Shot Spotters can be a big help in fighting crime.

  第53题 Eight microphones placed on rooftops __.

  A.talk to police

  B.warn the public

  C.listen for gunfire

  D.play rap music

  【正确答案】:C

  试题解析:参见第二段:麦克风放在房顶上是为了监听到打枪的声音。

  第54题 The red dot on the police map shows __.

  A.the address of the criminal

  B.Redwood City

  C.the capital of California

  D.the location of the gunfire

  【正确答案】:D

  试题解析:参见第二段:警察地图上的红点表明枪声的具体位置。

  第55题 The Shot Spotter has helped police __.

  A.a little bit

  B.cut down the use of weapons

  C.tremendously

  D.solve all the shootings

  【正确答案】:C

  试题解析:参见倒数第一段和第二段。

补全对话

  根据以下资料,回答56~60题。


  Eloise: What are you doing this weekend?


 第56题 请在第_____处填上正确答案。

  【正确答案】:B

  试题解析:What are you doing

  第57题 请在第_____处填上正确答案。

  【正确答案】:E

  试题解析:Would you be interested in joining me

  第58题 请在第_____处填上正确答案。

  【正确答案】:C

  试题解析:When would you be leaving

  第59题 请在第_____处填上正确答案。

  【正确答案】:F

  试题解析:Did you know that

  第60题 请在第_____处填上正确答案。

  【正确答案】:H

  试题解析:That was part of my plan 这是有关周末计划的一段对话。

  Eloise:你这个周末准备干什么?

  Helen:还不知道呢。你准备干什么?

  Eloise:我在考虑开车去海滩。

  Helen:听来不错!

  Eloise:你愿意跟我一起去吗?

  Helen:当然,非常愿意。你什么时候出发?

  Eloise:我想,咱们可以在周六早上8点出发。

  Helen:我们可以有足够的时间游览。你知道吗,圣巴巴拉海滩有音乐节。

  Eloise:这正是我计划的一部分。

  Helen:好极了。咱们周六见。谢谢你邀我与你同行。

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  第61题

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