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2014年天津学位英语试题知识点分析二

时间:2014年01月22日 来自:来源: 陕西成人高考网 资讯更全面,成考更专业 访问点击量:1637次

定语从句

(一)关系代词whowhomwhosewhichthat引导的定语从句

  1The company official _____ I thought would be fired received a raise.
  A. whom
  B. whoever
  C. who
  D. of whom
  (答案:A。关系代词whom在定语从句中做宾语,修饰先行词official)(199840题)
  2The investigation , _____ will soon be published, was made by John.
  A. at which the results
  B. the results on which
  C. whose results
  D. at whose results
  (答案:C。关系代词whose 在定语从句中做定语。)(199858题)
  
     (二)关系副词 when ,where, why, 引导的定语从句

  1The time will come _____ man can fly to outer space freely.
  A. that
  B. when
  C. in that
  D. which
  (答案:Bwhen在定语从句中做状语。) 199635题)
  2I will never forget the ten years _____ we both spent in the little village.
  A. when
  B. during which
  C. which
  D. in which
  (答案:A)(200154题)

(三)关系代词前带介词的定语从句
  1Before her marriage, she spent a considerable time in that very part of Shanghai, _____ she belonged.
  A. which
  B. to where
  C. to which
  D. at which
  (答案:C。关系代词whichwhom 还可以做“动词词组”后面的前置宾语。这里的动词词组是belong to。)(199856题)
  2The United States is composed of fifty states, two of _____ are separated from the others by land or water.
  A. them
  B. that
  C. which
  D. those
  (答案:C)(200323题)

(四)非限定定语从句对被修饰的名词起附加说明,或进一步描述或补充。
  这种从句有一定的独立性,即使去掉,主句的意思仍然完整,只是内容相对地不够具体。与主句之间常用逗号分开,所用的关系代词与限定性定语从句基本相同,但不能用关系代词that 引导。
  (1An Old friend from abroad, _____I was expecting to stay with, telephoned me from the airport.
  A. that
  B. whom
  C. who
  D. which
  (答案:B)(200031题)
  (2His brother had become a teacher, _____he wanted to be.
  A. who
  B. what
  C. which
  D. that
  (答案:Cwhich引导的非限定性定语从句,在从句中做宾语,修饰先行词a teacher)(199739题)
  (3He has made another wonderful discovery, _____of great importance to science.
  A. which I think it is
  B. of which I think it is
  C. I think which is
  D. which I think is
  (答案:Dwhich引导的非限定性定语从句,修饰前面整个句子。)(199550题)

(五)“名词(代词)+介词+关系代词”引出,一般是非限定性定语从句。

  Weve tested three hundred types of boot, _____is completely water proof.
  A. no of which
  B. none of which
  C. some of which
  D. neither of which
  (答案:B。“名词(代词)+of+whichwhom)”引起的定语从句常表示部分与整体的关系。)(199536题)

表语从句

考试重点:表语从句的基本用法;含有suggestionproposal等词的表语从句的用法。

 1、在从句中做表语的从句叫表语从句。它位于主句中的系动词之后,常用的关联词和主语从句相同。
 (1This is what he wants. 这就是他想要的东西。
 (2The question is whether we can finish our work by tomorrow morning.
  问题是我们明天上午能否完成任务。

 2、用suggestion等词表示愿望、建议、命令等情绪时,用虚拟语气,从句中用should(可省略)+动词原形。
  (1The generals command was that the soldiers _____ their fort and carry out more important tasks.
 A. would leave
 B. leave
 C. left
 D. have left
  (答案:B)(200248题)
     2His proposal is that theyshouldchallenge the other groups to a friendly competition.
            他提议他们和别的组挑战进行一场友谊竞赛。


含蓄条件句

含蓄条件句

  有时一个假设的情况不用条件从句表示,而用其它方式来表示,这样的句子叫含蓄条件句。常用withwithoutbut for
  1Without your help, we _____ so much.
  A. didnt achieve
  B. would not have achieved
  C. will not achieve
  D. dont achieve
  (答案:B。这是一句含蓄条件句,条件暗含在介词短语without your help中,因此要用虚拟语气。)(199633题)
  2But for the rain, we _____ a nice holiday.
  A. should have
  B. would have had
  C. would have
  D. will have had
  (答案:B200328题)

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